There’s lots of creative ideas out there for using old pallets to create fantastic furniture and accessories. Since it’s garden season, this seems a great project to start with!
Courtesy of Better Homes and Gardens:
Start with two pallets that initially held boxes of tile because tile box pallets provide the longest and strongest lumber. Teisl says the potting bench’s 37-inch-high work surface is perfect for potting plants. What You’ll Need: One or two wooden pallets
Miter saw or circular saw
2×4 lumber (optional)
1-5/8-inch galvanized exterior screws
Tack cloth or vacuum
Stain and polyurethane or primer and paint
Step 1: Disassemble the Pallets Disassemble the pallet(s) using a hammer and pry bar. Be careful not to damage the ends of the boards during deconstruction. Select the widest, best-looking boards for the countertop. Measure the salvaged wood; its dimensions will determine how wide the finished bench can be. (Hawley’s benches usually measure 40-42 inches wide.)
Step 2: Make the Boards Uniform Using a straightedge, pencil, and miter or circular saw, mark and trim away splintered wood and square the edges of the boards — “unless you want to keep the nail holes,” Hawley says. “Some people think they look unique.” He suggests cutting off knotholes and other weak parts of the boards.
Step 3: Build the Legs Use the pallet base or 2×4 lumber for the legs. Because most pallets have three 2×4 pieces, you need to break down a second pallet or join two pallet pieces with screws to make a fourth leg. To get the hutch top above the countertop height, notch with the table saw 8 inches out of each of the two 2×4 pieces (for the back legs), and add another notched piece for the desired height of 60 inches. “Sister” these two notched pieces with screws, and glue, if you wish. These pieces can come from the other pallet’s 2×4 base pieces or from 1x material cut to match the width of the leg pieces. After you’ve notched out all four of the back legs and extension pieces, connect them with screws.
Step 4: Frame It Up Starting with the two back legs, attach a 1×26-inch board; this will be the depth of the bench. Screw it in perpendicular to the inside of the leg pieces so the tops of the boards will be 36 inches from the ground. Screw in the other front leg to the 1x piece so you have a configuration resembling a lowercase h. Repeat so you have two identical pieces that will serve as the framework for the left and right sides of your bench.
Step 5: Attach the Skirts Add one countertop board at the back of the bench to support it, then position the front face board, or skirt, and install it. “Sister” the front legs to match the thickness of the back legs. Flip the bench over and install the back skirt to complete the frame.
Step 6: Add Blocks Measure and install blocks on the back legs in the spaces directly in front of the back skirt. You will screw the final countertop piece into these blocks.
Step 7: Install the Countertop Choose your countertop pieces, lay them flush with each other from front to back, and screw them into place. The front countertop piece can overlap the front skirt slightly if you wish. You will have to cut the last piece to the appropriate width and length.
Step 8: Build the Bottom Shelf Support To create supports for the bottom shelf, about 7 inches above the base attach two 1x pieces to the front and back legs on each side. To ensure consistent shelf height, you can install temporary spacers (the longer pieces parallel to and touching the ground) and measure the distance between the tops of the spacers and the tops of the shelf-support pieces.
Step 9: Install the Bottom and Top Shelves Screw in the bottom shelf pieces using 1x material the same way you did the countertop. Add the top shelf, screwing it into the tops of the back legs.
Step 10: Add the Back Slats Install more 1x boards to form the back slats, generously and evenly spacing the boards so you can hook things over them in the future. Use a level to make sure the slats are straight.
Step 11: Cut Bracing Blocks Using 1x material, measure for length and cut two blocks with 45-degree ends. Drill holes into the edges so the blocks won’t split when you screw them into place. Start screws into the blocks.
Step 12: Install Bracing Blocks Position the bracing blocks on the insides of the back legs. Drive screws into the back legs, the countertop, and the back skirt. Drill in the back-skirt screws from the outside. These blocks will prevent side-to-side motion of the bench
Step 13: Smooth the Surface Remove all rough, splinter-inducing spots with sandpaper. Step 14: Stain or Paint Wipe down or vacuum the entire bench to remove wood dust. Stain or paint the bench. Hawley applies one coat of stain, then two coats of polyurethane, following the label instructions for drying times. If you paint, apply two coats of primer and two coats of paint for a long-lasting finish.
Courtesy of Better Homes and Gardens